2009 | JCAP3(2009)21 | Bruneton, J.-P. and Liberati, S. and Sindoni, L. and Famaey, B. | J. Cosmo. Astro. Phys. | Reconciling MOND and dark matter? | Observations of galaxies suggest a one-to-one analytic relation between the inferred gravity of dark matter at any radius and the enclosed baryonic mass, a relation... More... |

2009 | PhRvD79(2009)065011 | Carroll, S. M. and Dulaney, T. R. and Gresham, M. I. and Tam, H. | Phys. Rev. D | Instabilities in the aether | We investigate the stability of theories in which Lorentz invariance is spontaneously broken by fixed-norm vector {ldquo}aether{
dquo} fields. Models with generic kinetic terms are plagued... More... |

2009 | PhRvD79(2009)065012 | Carroll, S. M. and Dulaney, T. R. and Gresham, M. I. and Tam, H. | Phys. Rev. D | Sigma-model aether | Theories of low-energy Lorentz violation by a fixed-norm {ldquo}aether{
dquo} vector field with two-derivative kinetic terms have a globally bounded Hamiltonian and are perturbatively stable only... More... |

2009 | CQGra26(2009)085002 | Moffat, J. W. and Toth, V. T. | Class. Quant. Grav. | Fundamental parameter-free solutions in modified gravity | Modified gravity (MOG) has been used successfully to explain the rotation curves of galaxies, the motion of galaxy clusters, the bullet cluster and cosmological observations... More... |

2009 | MNRAS397(2009)1885 | Moffat, J. W. and Toth, V. T. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | The bending of light and lensing in modified gravity | Our modified gravity theory (MOG) was used successfully in the past to explain a range of astronomical and cosmological observations, including galaxy rotation curves, the... More... |

2009 | MNRAS395(2009)L25 | Moffat, J. W. and Toth, V. T. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | Modified Gravity and the origin of inertia | Modified gravity theory is known to violate Birkhoff's theorem. We explore a key consequence of this violation, the effect of distant matter in the Universe... More... |

2009 | PhRvD79(2009)043011 | Toth, V. T. and Turyshev, S. G. | Phys. Rev. D | Thermal recoil force, telemetry, and the Pioneer anomaly | Precision navigation of spacecraft requires accurate knowledge of small forces, including the recoil force due to anisotropies of thermal radiation emitted by spacecraft systems. We... More... |

2008 | MNRAS387(2008)1470 | Angus, G. W. and Famaey, B. and Buote, D. A. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | X-ray group and cluster mass profiles in MOND: unexplained mass on the group scale | Although very successful in explaining the observed conspiracy between the baryonic distribution and the gravitational field in spiral galaxies without resorting to dark matter (DM),... More... |

2008 | AstronJ136(2008)1340 | Avila-Reese, V. and Zavala, J. and Firmani, C. and Hern'andez-Toledo, H. M. | Astron. J. | On the Baryonic, Stellar, and Luminous Scaling Relations of Disk Galaxies | We explore how the slopes and scatters of the scaling relations of disk galaxies (V _{m}-L[-M], R-L[-M], and V _{m}-R) change when moving from B-... More... |

2008 | PhRvD78(2008)044034 | Contaldi, C. R. and Wiseman, T. and Withers, B. | Phys. Rev. D | TeVeS gets caught on caustics | TeVeS uses a dynamical vector field with timelike unit-norm constraint to specify a preferred local frame. When matter moves slowly in this frame{mdash}the so-called quasistatic... More... |

2008 | Famaey(2008)393 | Famaey, B. and Angus, G. W. and Gentile, G. and Shan, H. Y. and Zhao, H. S. | | The wedding of modified dynamics and non-exotic dark matter in galaxy clusters | We summarize the status of Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) in galaxy clusters. The observed acceleration is typically larger than the acceleration threshold of MOND in... More... |

2008 | A&A480(2008)313 | Feix, M. and Fedeli, C. and Bartelmann, M. | Astron. Astrophys. | Asymmetric gravitational lenses in TeVeS and application to the bullet cluster | Aims:We explore the lensing properties of asymmetric matter density distributions in Bekenstein's tensor-vector-scalar theory (TeVeS). Methods: Using an iterative Fourier-based solver for the resulting... More... |

2008 | PhRvD77(2008)083005 | Fr`ere, J.-M. and Ling, F.-S. and Vertongen, G. | Phys. Rev. D | Bound on the dark matter density in the Solar System from planetary motions | High precision planet orbital data extracted from direct observation, spacecraft explorations, and laser ranging techniques enable to constrain the maximal dark matter density of a... More... |

2008 | arXiv:0801.1547 | Jacobson, T. | ArXiV | Einstein-aether gravity: a status report | This paper reviews the theory, phenomenology, and observational constraints on the coupling parameters of Einstein-aether gravity, i.e. General Relativity coupled to a dynamical unit timelike... More... |

2008 | ApJ678(2008)131 | Milgrom, M. and Sanders, R. H. | Astrophys. J. | Rings and Shells of ``Dark Matter'' as MOND Artifacts | MOND predicts that a mass, M, contained within its transition radius, r_{t}{equiv}(MG/a_{0})^{1/2}, may exhibit a feature at about that radius in the form of a... More... |

2008 | arXiv:0801.3807 | Noerdlinger, P. D. | ArXiV | Solar Mass Loss, the Astronomical Unit, and the Scale of the Solar System | The radiative and particulate loss of mass by the Sun, -9.13*10^{}-14 Solar masses per year or more causes the orbits of the planets to expand... More... |

2008 | GReGr40(2008)529 | Padmanabhan, T. | Gen. Rel. Grav. | Dark energy and gravity | I review the problem of dark energy focussing on cosmological constant as the candidate and discuss what it tells us regarding the nature of gravity.... More... |

2008 | ApJ679(2008)1173 | Randall, S. W. and Markevitch, M. and Clowe, D. and Gonzalez, A. H. and Bradav c, M. | Astrophys. J. | Constraints on the Self-Interaction Cross Section of Dark Matter from Numerical Simulations of the Merging Galaxy Cluster 1E 0657-56 | We compare recent results from X-ray, strong lensing, weak lensing, and optical observations with numerical simulations of the merging galaxy cluster 1E 0657-56. X-ray observations... More... |

2008 | JCAP3(2008)22 | Taoso, M. and Bertone, G. and Masiero, A. | J. Cosmo. Astro. Phys. | Dark matter candidates: a ten-point test | An extraordinarily rich zoo of non-baryonic dark matter candidates has been proposed over the last three decades. Here we present a ten-point test that a... More... |

2008 | ApJ682(2008)835 | Zait, A. and Hoffman, Y. and Shlosman, I. | Astrophys. J. | Dark Matter Halos: Velocity Anisotropy-Density Slope Relation | Dark matter (DM) halos formed in CDM cosmologies seem to be characterized by a power-law phase-space density profile. The density of the DM halos is... More... |

2007 | ApJL654(2007)L13 | Angus, G. W. and Shan, H. Y. and Zhao, H. S. and Famaey, B. | Astrophys. J. Lett. | On the Proof of Dark Matter, the Law of Gravity, and the Mass of Neutrinos | We develop a new method to predict the density associated with weak-lensing maps of (un)relaxed clusters in a range of theories interpolating between general relativity... More... |

2007 | AstronJ133(2007)1698 | Barnes, E. I. and Kosowsky, A. and Sellwood, J. A. | Astron. J. | Milgrom Relation Models for Spiral Galaxies from Two-dimensional Velocity Maps | Using two-dimensional velocity maps and I-band photometry, we have created mass models of 40 spiral galaxies using the Milgrom relation (the basis of modified Newtonian... More... |

2007 | MNRAS382(2007)29 | Brownstein, J. R. and Moffat, J. W. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | The Bullet Cluster 1E0657-558 evidence shows modified gravity in the absence of dark matter | A detailed analysis of the 2006 November 15 data release X-ray surface density {$Sigma$}-map and the strong and weak gravitational lensing convergence {$kappa$}-map for the... More... |

2007 | NuPhS173(2007)28 | Clowe, D. and Randall, S. W. and Markevitch, M. | Nuc. Phys. B Proc. S. | Catching a bullet: direct evidence for the existence of dark matter | We present X-ray and weak lensing observations of the merging cluster system 1E0657 556. Due to the recently collision of a merging subcluster with the... More... |

2007 | ApJ661(2007)728 | Jee, M. J. and Ford, H. C. and Illingworth, G. D. and White, R. L. and Broadhurst, T. J. and Coe, D. A. and Meurer, G. R. and van der Wel, A. and Ben'itez, N. and Blakeslee, J. P. and Bouwens, R. J. and Bradley, L. D. and Demarco, R. and Homeier, N. L. and Martel, A. R. and Mei, S. | Astrophys. J. | Discovery of a Ringlike Dark Matter Structure in the Core of the Galaxy Cluster Cl 0024+17 | We present a comprehensive mass reconstruction of the rich galaxy cluster Cl 0024+17 at z~{}=0.4 from ACS data, unifying both strong- and weak-lensing constraints. The... More... |

2007 | IJMPD16(2007)2075 | Moffat, J. W. | Int. J. Mod. Phys. D | a Modified Gravity and its Consequences for the Solar System, Astrophysics and Cosmology | A relativistic modified gravity (MOG) theory leads to a self-consistent, stable gravity theory that can describe the solar system, galaxy and clusters-of-galaxies data, and cosmology.... More... |

2007 | arXiv:0710.0364 | Moffat, J. W. and Toth, V. T. | ArXiV | Modified Gravity: Cosmology without dark matter or Einstein's cosmological constant | We explore the cosmological consequences of Modified Gravity (MOG), and find that it provides, using a minimal number of parameters, good fits to data, including... More... |

2007 | JPhA40(2007)6607 | Raffelt, G. G. | J. Phy. A Math. Gen. | Axions{mdash}motivation, limits and searches | The axion solution of the strong CP problem provides a number of possible windows to physics beyond the standard model, notably in the form of... More... |

2007 | MNRAS380(2007)331 | Sanders, R. H. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | Neutrinos as cluster dark matter | The dynamical mass of clusters of galaxies, calculated in terms of MOdified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND), is a factor of 2 or 3 times smaller than... More... |

2007 | ApJS170(2007)377 | Spergel, D. N. and Bean, R. and Dor'e, O. and Nolta, M. R. and Bennett, C. L. and Dunkley, J. and Hinshaw, G. and Jarosik, N. and Komatsu, E. and Page, L. and Peiris, H. V. and Verde, L. and Halpern, M. and Hill, R. S. and Kogut, A. and Limon, M. and Meyer, S. S. and Odegard, N. and Tucker, G. S. and Weiland, J. L. and Wollack, E. and Wright, E. L. | Astrophys. J. S. | Three-Year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) Observations: Implications for Cosmology | A simple cosmological model with only six parameters (matter density, {$Omega$}_{m}h^{2}, baryon density, {$Omega$}_{b}h^{2}, Hubble constant, H_{0}, amplitude of fluctuations, {$sigma$}_{8}, optical depth, {$ au$}, and... More... |

2007 | ApJ671(2007)45 | Takahashi, R. and Chiba, T. | Astrophys. J. | Weak Lensing of Galaxy Clusters in Modified Newtonian Dynamics | We study weak gravitational lensing of galaxy clusters in terms of the MOND (modified Newtonian dynamics) theory. We calculate shears and convergences of background galaxies... More... |

2006 | MNRAS371(2006)138 | Angus, G. W. and Famaey, B. and Zhao, H. S. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | Can MOND take a bullet? Analytical comparisons of three versions of MOND beyond spherical symmetry | A proper test of modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND) in systems of non-trivial geometries depends on modelling subtle differences in several versions of its postulated theories.... More... |

2006 | PhRvD73(2006)103513 | Bekenstein, J. and Magueijo, J. | Phys. Rev. D | Modified Newtonian dynamics habitats within the solar system | MOdified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) is an interesting alternative to the presence of dark matter in galaxies. We here examine the possibility that mild or even... More... |

2006 | CQGra23(2006)6989 | Bianchi, E. and Modesto, L. and Rovelli, C. and Speziale, S. | Class. Quant. Grav. | Graviton propagator in loop quantum gravity | We compute some components of the graviton propagator in loop quantum gravity, using the spinfoam formalism, up to some second-order terms in the expansion parameter.... More... |

2006 | A&A452(2006)75 | Biviano, A. and Salucci, P. | Astron. Astrophys. | The radial profiles of the different mass components in galaxy clusters | Aims.To derive the mass profiles of the different luminous and dark components in clusters. Methods: .The cluster mass profile is determined by using the... More... |

2006 | ApJ652(2006)937 | Bradav c, M. and Clowe, D. and Gonzalez, A. H. and Marshall, P. and Forman, W. and Jones, C. and Markevitch, M. and Randall, S. and Schrabback, T. and Zaritsky, D. | Astrophys. J. | Strong and Weak Lensing United. III. Measuring the Mass Distribution of the Merging Galaxy Cluster 1ES 0657-558 | The galaxy cluster 1ES 0657-558 (z=0.296) is remarkably well suited for addressing outstanding issues in both galaxy evolution and fundamental physics. We present a reconstruction... More... |

2006 | CQGra23(2006)3427 | Brownstein, J. R. and Moffat, J. W. | Class. Quant. Grav. | Gravitational solution to the Pioneer 10/11 anomaly | A fully relativistic modified gravitational theory including a fifth force skew-symmetric field is fitted to the Pioneer 10/11 anomalous acceleration. The theory allows for a... More... |

2006 | ApJ636(2006)721 | Brownstein, J. R. and Moffat, J. W. | Astrophys. J. | Galaxy Rotation Curves without Nonbaryonic Dark Matter | We apply the modified acceleration law obtained from Einstein gravity coupled to a massive skew-symmetric field F_{munulambda} to the problem of explaining galaxy rotation curves... More... |

2006 | MNRAS367(2006)527 | Brownstein, J. R. and Moffat, J. W. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | Galaxy cluster masses without non-baryonic dark matter | We apply the modified acceleration law obtained from Einstein gravity coupled to a massive skew symmetric field, F_{munulambda}, to the problem of explaining X-ray galaxy... More... |

2006 | ApJL648(2006)L109 | Clowe, D. and Bradav c, M. and Gonzalez, A. H. and Markevitch, M. and Randall, S. W. and Jones, C. and Zaritsky, D. | Astrophys. J. Lett. | A Direct Empirical Proof of the Existence of Dark Matter | We present new weak-lensing observations of 1E 0657-558 (z=0.296), a unique cluster merger, that enable a direct detection of dark matter, independent of assumptions regarding... More... |

2006 | CQGra23(2006)5625 | Eling, C. and Jacobson, T. | Class. Quant. Grav. | Spherical solutions in Einstein-aether theory: static aether and stars | The time-independent spherically symmetric solutions of general relativity coupled to a dynamical unit timelike vector are studied. We find that there is a three-parameter family... More... |

2006 | NASA.TP.2006.214141 | Espenak, F. and Meeus, J. | NASA Tech. Pub. | Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses | ... More... |

2006 | Markevitch:2006 | Markevitch, M. | | Chandra Observation of the Most Interesting Cluster in the Universe | ... More... |

2006 | JCAP3(2006)4 | Moffat, J. W. | J. Cosmo. Astro. Phys. | Scalar tensor vector gravity theory | A covariant scalar tensor vector gravity theory is developed which allows the gravitational constant G, a vector field coupling {$\omega$} and the vector field mass... More... |

2006 | Noordermeer.thesis.2006 | Noordermeer, E. | | The distribution of Gas, Stars and Dark Matter in early-type disk galaxies | ... More... |

2006 | ApJ642(2006)606 | Page, G. L. and Dixon, D. S. and Wallin, J. F. | Astrophys. J. | Can Minor Planets Be Used to Assess Gravity in the Outer Solar System? | The twin Pioneer spacecraft have been tracked for over 30 years as they headed out of the solar system. After passing 20 AU from the... More... |

2006 | IJMPD15(2006)2011 | Reuter, M. and Weyer, H. | Int. J. Mod. Phys. D | On the Possibility of Quantum Gravity Effects at Astrophysical Scales | The nonperturbative renormalization group flow of quantum Einstein gravity (QEG) is reviewed. It is argued that at large distances there could be strong renormalization effects,... More... |

2006 | MNRAS370(2006)1519 | Sanders, R. H. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | Solar system constraints on multifield theories of modified dynamics | Any viable theory of modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND) as modified gravity is likely to require fields in addition to the usual tensor field of General... More... |

2006 | Turyshev20(2006)243 | Turyshev, S. G. and Nieto, M. M. and Anderson, J. D. | | The Pioneer Anomaly and its Implications | The Pioneer 10/11 spacecraft yielded the most precise navigation in deep space to date. However, their radio-metric tracking data has consistently indicated the presence of... More... |

2006 | IJMPD15(2006)1 | Turyshev, S. G. and Toth, V. T. and Kellogg, L. R. and Lau, E. L. and Lee, K. J. | Int. J. Mod. Phys. D | a Study of the Pioneer Anomaly:. New Data and Objectives for New Investigation | The Pioneer 10/11 spacecraft yielded the most precise navigation in deep space to date. However, their radiometric tracking data has consistently indicated the presence of... More... |

2006 | LRR9(2006)3 | Will, C. M. | Liv. Rev. Rel. | The Confrontation between General Relativity and Experiment | The status of experimental tests of general relativity and of theoretical frameworks for analyzing them is reviewed. Einstein's equivalence principle (EEP) is well supported by... More... |

2006 | arXiv:astro-ph/0611777 | Zhao, H. | ArXiV | An introduction to Gravitational Lensing in TeVeS gravity | Bekenstein's (2004) TeVeS theory has added an interesting twist to the search for dark matter and dark energy, modifying the landscape of gravity-related astronomy day... More... |

2006 | ApJL638(2006)L9 | Zhao, H. S. and Famaey, B. | Astrophys. J. Lett. | Refining the MOND Interpolating Function and TeVeS Lagrangian | The phenomena customarily described with dark matter or modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND) have been argued by Bekenstein to be the consequences of a covariant scalar... More... |

2006 | PhRvD74(2006)044037 | Zlosnik, T. G. and Ferreira, P. G. and Starkman, G. D. | Phys. Rev. D | Vector-tensor nature of Bekenstein's relativistic theory of modified gravity | Bekenstein{
squo}s theory of relativistic gravity is conventionally written as a bimetric theory. The two metrics are related by a disformal transformation defined by a dynamical... More... |

2005 | JHEP7(2005)29 | Arkani-Hamed, N. and Cheng, H.-C. and Luty, M. and Thaler, J. | J. H. E. Phys. | Universal dynamics of spontaneous Lorentz violation and a new spin-dependent inverse-square law force | We study the universal low-energy dynamics associated with the spontaneous breaking of Lorentz invariance down to spatial rotations. The effective lagrangian for the associated Goldstone... More... |

2005 | MNRAS363(2005)603 | Famaey, B. and Binney, J. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | Modified Newtonian dynamics in the Milky Way | Both microlensing surveys and radio-frequency observations of gas flow imply that the inner Milky Way is completely dominated by baryons, contrary to the predictions of... More... |

2005 | PNAS102(2005)9099 | Gross, D. J. | Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. | The discovery of asymptotic freedom and the emergence of QCD | Adapted from Les Prix Nobel, 2004. {\copy} 2004 by the Nobel FoundationEditor's Note: This article is a version of David Gross' Nobel Lecture {\ldquo}The Discovery... More... |

2005 | Merrifield(2005)49(2005)49 | Merrifield, M. R. | | Dark Matter on Galactic Scales (Or the Lack Thereof) | This paper presents a brief review of the evidence for dark matter in the Universe on the scales of galaxies. In the interests of critically... More... |

2005 | JCAP5(2005)3 | Moffat, J. W. | J. Cosmo. Astro. Phys. | Gravitational theory, galaxy rotation curves and cosmology without dark matter | Einstein gravity coupled to a massive skew symmetric field F_{munulambda} leads to an acceleration law that modifies the Newtonian law of attraction between particles. We... More... |

2005 | CQGra22(2005)5343 | Nieto, M. M. and Anderson, J. D. | Class. Quant. Grav. | Using early data to illuminate the Pioneer anomaly | Analysis of the radio tracking data from the Pioneer 10/11 spacecraft at distances between about 20 70 AU from the Sun has consistently indicated the... More... |

2005 | BrJPh35(2005)362 | Padmanabhan, T. | Br. J. Phys. | Holographic Gravity and the Surface term in the Einstein-Hilbert Action | Certain peculiar features of Einstein-Hilbert (EH) action provide clues towards a holographic approach to gravity which is independent of the detailed microstructure of spacetime. These... More... |

2005 | Pitjeva.SSR.2005.39 | Pitjeva, E. V. | Solar System Research | High-Precision Ephemerides of Planets - EPM and Determination of Some Astronomical Constants | ... More... |

2005 | MNRAS364(2005)654 | Pointecouteau, E. and Silk, J. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | New constraints on modified Newtonian dynamics from galaxy clusters | We revisit the application of modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND) to galaxy clusters. We confront the high-quality X-ray data for eight clusters of galaxies observed by... More... |

2005 | IJMPA20(2005)2294 | Reynaud, S. and Jaekel, M.-T. | Int. J. Mod. Phys. A | Testing the Newton Law at Long Distances | Experimental tests of Newton law put stringent constraints on potential deviations from standard theory with ranges from the millimeter to the size of planetary orbits.... More... |

2005 | Sikivie805(2005)23 | Sikivie, P. | | Axions 05 | The Strong CP Problem and its resolution through the existence of an axion are briefly reviewed. The combined constraints from accelerator searches, the evolution of... More... |

2005 | arXiv:hep-th/0507235 | Smolin, L. | ArXiV | The case for background independence | The aim of this paper is to explain carefully the arguments behind the assertion that the correct quantum theory of gravity must be background independent.... More... |

2005 | Weisberg328(2005)25 | Weisberg, J. M. and Taylor, J. H. | | The Relativistic Binary Pulsar B1913+16: Thirty Years of Observations and Analysis | We describe results derived from thirty years of observations of PSR B1913+16. Together with the Keplerian orbital parameters, measurements of the relativistic periastron advance and... More... |

2004 | AstronJ128(2004)2724 | Barnes, E. I. and Sellwood, J. A. and Kosowsky, A. | Astron. J. | Mass Models for Spiral Galaxies from Two-dimensional Velocity Maps | We model the mass distributions of 40 high surface brightness spiral galaxies inside their optical radii, deriving parameters of mass models by matching the predicted... More... |

2004 | PhRvD70(2004)083509 | Bekenstein, J. D. | Phys. Rev. D | Relativistic gravitation theory for the modified Newtonian dynamics paradigm | The modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND) paradigm of Milgrom can boast of a number of successful predictions regarding galactic dynamics; these are made without the assumption... More... |

2004 | ApJ604(2004)596 | Clowe, D. and Gonzalez, A. and Markevitch, M. | Astrophys. J. | Weak-Lensing Mass Reconstruction of the Interacting Cluster 1E 0657-558: Direct Evidence for the Existence of Dark Matter | We present a weak-lensing mass reconstruction of the interacting cluster 1E 0657-558, in which we detect both the main cluster and a subcluster. The subcluster... More... |

2004 | MNRAS351(2004)903 | Gentile, G. and Salucci, P. and Klein, U. and Vergani, D. and Kalberla, P. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | The cored distribution of dark matter in spiral galaxies | We present, for five spiral galaxies, HI data which, along with the H{$alpha$} rotation curves, are used to derive the distribution of dark matter within... More... |

2004 | PhRvD70(2004)024003 | Jacobson, T. and Mattingly, D. | Phys. Rev. D | Einstein-aether waves | Local Lorentz invariance violation can be realized by introducing extra tensor fields in the action that couple to matter. If the Lorentz violation is rotationally... More... |

2004 | arXiv:gr-qc/0404076 | Moffat, J. W. | ArXiV | Modified Gravitational Theory and Galaxy Rotation Curves | The nonsymmetric gravitational theory predicts an acceleration law that modifies the Newtonian law of attraction between particles. For weak fields a fit to the flat... More... |

2004 | arXiv:astro-ph/0403266 | Moffat, J. W. | ArXiV | Modified Gravitational Theory as an Alternative to Dark Energy and Dark Matter | The problem of explaining the acceleration of the expansion of the universe and the observational and theoretical difficulties associated with dark matter and dark energy... More... |

2004 | IJMPA19(2004)3093 | Mu noz, C. | Int. J. Mod. Phys. A | Dark Matter Detection in the Light of Recent Experimental Results | The existence of dark matter was suggested, using simple gravitational arguments, seventy years ago. Although we are now convinced that most of the mass in... More... |

2004 | Navarro220(2004)61 | Navarro, J. F. | | The Inner Density Cusp of Cold Dark Matter Halos | I report recent results of numerical simulations designed to study the inner structure of Cold Dark Matter (CDM) halos. This work confirms the proposal of... More... |

2004 | MNRAS349(2004)1039 | Navarro, J. F. and Hayashi, E. and Power, C. and Jenkins, A. R. and Frenk, C. S. and White, S. D. M. and Springel, V. and Stadel, J. and Quinn, T. R. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | The inner structure of {$Lambda$}CDM haloes - III. Universality and asymptotic slopes | We investigate the mass profile of cold dark matter ({$Lambda$}CDM) haloes using a suite of numerical simulations spanning five decades in halo mass, from dwarf... More... |

2004 | JCAP12(2004)1 | Reuter, M. and Weyer, H. | J. Cosmo. Astro. Phys. | Quantum gravity at astrophysical distances? | Assuming that quantum Einstein gravity (QEG) is the correct theory of gravity on all length scales, we use analytical results from nonperturbative renormalization group (RG)... More... |

2004 | ApJ604(2004)88 | Sand, D. J. and Treu, T. and Smith, G. P. and Ellis, R. S. | Astrophys. J. | The Dark Matter Distribution in the Central Regions of Galaxy Clusters: Implications for Cold Dark Matter | We have undertaken a spectroscopic survey of gravitational arcs in a carefully chosen sample of six clusters, each containing a dominant brightest cluster galaxy. We... More... |

2004 | ApJL600(2004)L135 | Somerville, R. S. and Moustakas, L. A. and Mobasher, B. and Gardner, J. P. and Cimatti, A. and Conselice, C. and Daddi, E. and Dahlen, T. and Dickinson, M. and Eisenhardt, P. and Lotz, J. and Papovich, C. and Renzini, A. and Stern, D. | Astrophys. J. Lett. | The Redshift Distribution of Near-Infrared-Selected Galaxies in the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey as a Test of Galaxy Formation Scenarios | The redshift distribution of near-IR-selected galaxies is often used to attempt to discriminate between the classical view of galaxy formation, in which present-day luminous galaxies... More... |

2004 | IJMPD13(2004)2035 | Turyshev, S. G. and Shao, M. and Nordtvedt, K. L. | Int. J. Mod. Phys. D | Experimental Design for the Lator Mission | This paper discusses experimental design for the Laser Astrometric Test Of Relativity (LATOR) mission. LATOR is designed to reach unprecedented accuracy of 1 part in... More... |

2003 | NewA8(2003)517 | Arieli, Y. and Rephaeli, Y. | New Astron. | Dark matter profiles in clusters of galaxies: a phenomenological approach | There are some basic differences between the observed properties of galaxies and clusters and the predictions from current hydrodynamical simulations. These are particularly pronounced in... More... |

2003 | A&A399(2003)813 | Ferrari, C. and Maurogordato, S. and Cappi, A. and Benoist, C. | Astron. Astrophys. | Multiple merging events in Abell 521 | We present a detailed spatial and dynamical analysis of the central \~{} 2.2 h_{75}^{-1} Mpc region of the galaxy cluster Abell 521 (z= 0.247), based... More... |

2003 | ApJL588(2003)L21 | Kleyna, J. T. and Wilkinson, M. I. and Gilmore, G. and Evans, N. W. | Astrophys. J. Lett. | A Dynamical Fossil in the Ursa Minor Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy | The nearby Ursa Minor dwarf spheroidal (UMi dSph) is one of the most dark matter-dominated galaxies known, with a central mass-to-light ratio M/L~{}70. Somewhat anomalously,... More... |

2003 | Sci300(2003)1909 | Ostriker, J. P. and Steinhardt, P. | Sci. | New Light on Dark Matter | Dark matter, proposed decades ago as a speculative component of the universe, is now known to be the vital ingredient in the cosmos: six times... More... |

2003 | Peacock:2003 | Peacock, J. A. | | Cosmological Physics | ... More... |

2003 | MNRAS342(2003)901 | Sanders, R. H. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | Clusters of galaxies with modified Newtonian dynamics | I consider X-ray emitting clusters of galaxies in the context of modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND). Self-gravitating isothermal gas spheres are not good representations of rich... More... |

2003 | ApJ583(2003)732 | Swaters, R. A. and Madore, B. F. and van den Bosch, F. C. and Balcells, M. | Astrophys. J. | The Central Mass Distribution in Dwarf and Low Surface Brightness Galaxies | We present high-resolution H{$alpha$} rotation curves for a sample of 15 dwarf and low surface brightness galaxies. From these we derive limits on the slopes... More... |

2002 | PhRvD65(2002)082004 | Anderson, J. D. and Laing, P. A. and Lau, E. L. and Liu, A. S. and Nieto, M. M. and Turyshev, S. G. | Phys. Rev. D | Study of the anomalous acceleration of Pioneer 10 and 11 | Our previous analyses of radio Doppler and ranging data from distant spacecraft in the solar system indicated that an apparent anomalous acceleration is acting on... More... |

2002 | A&A386(2002)816 | Barrena, R. and Biviano, A. and Ramella, M. and Falco, E. E. and Seitz, S. | Astron. Astrophys. | The dynamical status of the cluster of galaxies 1E0657-56 | We present the results of a new spectroscopic and photometric survey of the hot X-ray cluster 1E0657-56, at z=0.296. We determine the presence of a... More... |

2002 | A&A391(2002)841 | Ettori, S. and De Grandi, S. and Molendi, S. | Astron. Astrophys. | Gravitating mass profiles of nearby galaxy clusters and relations with X-ray gas temperature, luminosity and mass | We consider a sample of 22 nearby clusters of galaxies observed with the Medium Energy Concentrator Spectrometer (MECS) on board BeppoSAX . They cover the... More... |

2002 | MNRAS331(2002)635 | Ettori, S. and Fabian, A. C. and Allen, S. W. and Johnstone, R. M. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | Deep inside the core of Abell 1795: the Chandra view | We present X-ray spatial and spectral analysis of the Chandra data from the central of the cluster of galaxies Abell 1795. The plasma temperature rises... More... |

2002 | ApJL567(2002)L27 | Markevitch, M. and Gonzalez, A. H. and David, L. and Vikhlinin, A. and Murray, S. and Forman, W. and Jones, C. and Tucker, W. | Astrophys. J. Lett. | A Textbook Example of a Bow Shock in the Merging Galaxy Cluster 1E 0657-56 | The Chandra image of the merging, hot galaxy cluster 1E 0657-56 reveals a bow shock propagating in front of a bullet-like gas cloud just exiting... More... |

2002 | PhRvD66(2002)081301 | Padmanabhan, T. and Choudhury, T. R. | Phys. Rev. D | Can the clustered dark matter and the smooth dark energy arise from the same scalar field? | Cosmological observations suggest the existence of two different kinds of energy densities dominating at small ({lt}~{}500 Mpc) and large ({gt}~{}1000 Mpc) scales. The dark matter... More... |

2002 | ApJ567(2002)716 | Reiprich, T. H. and B"ohringer, H. | Astrophys. J. | The Mass Function of an X-Ray Flux-limited Sample of Galaxy Clusters | A new X-ray-selected and X-ray flux-limited galaxy cluster sample is presented. Based on the ROSAT All-Sky Survey, the 63 brightest clusters with galactic latitude |b_{II}|{gt}=20{deg}... More... |

2002 | ARA&A40(2002)263 | Sanders, R. H. and McGaugh, S. S. | Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. | Modified Newtonian Dynamics as an Alternative to Dark Matter | Modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND) is an empirically motivated modification of Newtonian gravity or inertia suggested by Milgrom as an alternative to cosmic dark matter. The... More... |

2002 | MNRAS335(2002)L84 | Stoehr, F. and White, S. D. M. and Tormen, G. and Springel, V. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | The satellite population of the Milky Way in a {$Lambda$}CDM universe | We compare the structure and kinematics of the 11 known satellites of the Milky Way with high-resolution simulations of the formation of its dark halo... More... |

2001 | ApJ561(2001)550 | Aguirre, A. and Schaye, J. and Quataert, E. | Astrophys. J. | Problems for Modified Newtonian Dynamics in Clusters and the Ly{$alpha$} Forest? | The observed dynamics of gas and stars on galactic and larger scales cannot be accounted for by self-gravity, indicating that there are large quantities of... More... |

2001 | A&A365(2001)L67 | Arnaud, M. and Aghanim, N. and Gastaud, R. and Neumann, D. M. and Lumb, D. and Briel, U. and Altieri, B. and Ghizzardi, S. and Mittaz, J. and Sasseen, T. P. and Vestrand, W. T. | Astron. Astrophys. | XMM-Newton observation of the Coma Galaxy cluster. The temperature structure in the central region | We present a temperature map and a temperature profile of the central part (r {\lt} 20' or 1/4 virial radius) of the Coma cluster. We... More... |

2001 | MNRAS327(2001)L27 | Binney, J. J. and Evans, N. W. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | Cuspy dark matter haloes and the Galaxy | The microlensing optical depth to Baade's Window constrains the minimum total mass in baryonic matter within the Solar circle to be greater than ~{}3.9{ imes}10^{10}M_{solar}, assuming... More... |

2001 | ApJ555(2001)240 | Bullock, J. S. and Dekel, A. and Kolatt, T. S. and Kravtsov, A. V. and Klypin, A. A. and Porciani, C. and Primack, J. R. | Astrophys. J. | A Universal Angular Momentum Profile for Galactic Halos | We study the angular momentum profiles of a statistical sample of halos drawn from a high-resolution N-body simulation of the {$Lambda$}CDM cosmology. We find that... More... |

2001 | arXiv:gr-qc/0104103 | Clayton, M. A. | ArXiV | Causality, shocks and instabilities in vector field models of Lorentz symmetry breaking | We show that that vector field-based models of the ether generically do not have a Hamiltonian that is bounded from below in a flat spacetime.... More... |

2001 | ApJ547(2001)574 | Dav'e, R. and Spergel, D. N. and Steinhardt, P. J. and Wandelt, B. D. | Astrophys. J. | Halo Properties in Cosmological Simulations of Self-interacting Cold Dark Matter | We present a comparison of halo properties in cosmological simulations of collisionless cold dark matter (CDM) and self-interacting dark matter (SIDM) for a range of... More... |

2001 | arXiv:astro-ph/0107366 | de Blok, E. and McGaugh, S. and Rubin, V. | ArXiV | High-resolution rotation curves of LSB galaxies: Mass Models | We present mass models for a sample of 30 high-resolution rotation curves of low surface brightness (LSB) galaxies. We fit both pseudo-isothermal (core-dominated) and Cold... More... |

2001 | ApJL552(2001)L23 | de Blok, W. J. G. and McGaugh, S. S. and Bosma, A. and Rubin, V. C. | Astrophys. J. Lett. | Mass Density Profiles of Low Surface Brightness Galaxies | We derive the mass density profiles of dark matter halos that are implied by high spatial resolution rotation curves of low surface brightness galaxies. We... More... |

2001 | MNRAS323(2001)453 | Hoekstra, H. and van Albada, T. S. and Sancisi, R. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | On the apparent coupling of neutral hydrogen and dark matter in spiral galaxies | We have studied a mass model for spiral galaxies in which the dark matter surface density is a scaled version of the observed Hi surface... More... |

2001 | PhRvD64(2001)024028 | Jacobson, T. and Mattingly, D. | Phys. Rev. D | Gravity with a dynamical preferred frame | We study a generally covariant model in which local Lorentz invariance is broken by a dynamical unit timelike vector field u^{a}-the ``aether.'' Such a model... More... |

2001 | Reiprich:2001 | Reiprich, T. H. | | Cosmological Implications and Physical Properties of an X-Ray Flux-Limited Sample of Galaxy Clusters | ... More... |

2001 | ApJ563(2001)694 | Verheijen, M. A. W. | Astrophys. J. | The Ursa Major Cluster of Galaxies. V. H I Rotation Curve Shapes and the Tully-Fisher Relations | This paper investigates the statistical properties of the Tully-Fisher (TF) relations for a volume-limited complete sample of spiral galaxies in the nearby Ursa Major Cluster.... More... |

2001 | A&A370(2001)765 | Verheijen, M. A. W. and Sancisi, R. | Astron. Astrophys. | The Ursa Major cluster of galaxies. IV. HI synthesis observations | In this data paper we present the results of an extensive 21 cm-line synthesis imaging survey of 43 spiral galaxies in the nearby Ursa Major... More... |

2000 | ApJL529(2000)L69 | Jing, Y. P. and Suto, Y. | Astrophys. J. Lett. | The Density Profiles of the Dark Matter Halo Are Not Universal | We perform a series of high-resolution N-body simulations designed to examine the density profiles of dark matter halos. From 12 simulated halos ranging in mass... More... |

2000 | ApJ544(2000)686 | Liang, H. and Hunstead, R. W. and Birkinshaw, M. and Andreani, P. | Astrophys. J. | A Powerful Radio Halo in the Hottest Known Cluster of Galaxies 1E 0657-56 | We report the detection of a diffuse radio halo source in the hottest known cluster of galaxies 1E 0657-56 (RX J0658-5557). The radio halo has... More... |

2000 | arXiv:hep-th/0012069 | Reuter, M. | ArXiV | Newton's Constant isn't constant | This article contains a brief pedagogical introduction to various renormalization group related aspects of quantum gravity with an emphasis on the scale dependence of Newton's... More... |

2000 | GReGr32(2000)365 | Sakharov, A. | Gen. Rel. Grav. | Vacuum Quantum Fluctuations in Curved Space and the Theory of Gravitation | ... More... |

2000 | ApJL542(2000)L1 | Shapiro, P. R. and Iliev, I. T. | Astrophys. J. Lett. | On the Mass Profile of Galaxy Cluster CL 0024+1654 Inferred from Strong Lensing | Observations of a flat-density profile in the cores of dark matter-dominated halos on the two extremes of mass for virialized objects in the universe, dwarf... More... |

2000 | PhRvL84(2000)3760 | Spergel, D. N. and Steinhardt, P. J. | Phys. Rev. Lett. | Observational Evidence for Self-Interacting Cold Dark Matter | Cosmological models with cold dark matter composed of weakly interacting particles predict overly dense cores in the centers of galaxies and clusters and an overly... More... |

2000 | ApJ533(2000)744 | Tully, R. B. and Pierce, M. J. | Astrophys. J. | Distances to Galaxies from the Correlation between Luminosities and Line Widths. III. Cluster Template and Global Measurement of H_{0} | The correlation between the luminosities and rotation velocities of galaxies can be used to estimate distances to late-type galaxies. It is an appropriate moment to... More... |

2000 | AstronJ119(2000)1579 | van den Bosch, F. C. and Robertson, B. E. and Dalcanton, J. J. and de Blok, W. J. G. | Astron. J. | Constraints on the Structure of Dark Matter Halos from the Rotation Curves of Low Surface Brightness Galaxies | We reexamine the disk-halo decompositions of the rotation curves of low surface brightness (LSB) galaxies with V_{max}{gt}=80 km s^{-1}, taking full account of the effects... More... |

1999 | Fischbach.1999 | Fischbach, E. and Talmadge, C. L. | | The Search for Non-Newtonian Gravity (Heidelberg -- New York: Springer) | ... More... |

1999 | IJMPA14(1999)2531 | K"uhne, R. W. | Int. J. Mod. Phys. A | Gauge Theory of Gravity Requires Massive Torsion Field | One of the greatest unsolved issues of the physics of this century is to find a quantum field theory of gravity. According to a vast... More... |

1999 | ApJ522(1999)82 | Klypin, A. and Kravtsov, A. V. and Valenzuela, O. and Prada, F. | Astrophys. J. | Where Are the Missing Galactic Satellites? | According to the hierarchical clustering scenario, galaxies are assembled by merging and accretion of numerous satellites of different sizes and masses. This ongoing process is... More... |

1999 | ApJL524(1999)L19 | Moore, B. and Ghigna, S. and Governato, F. and Lake, G. and Quinn, T. and Stadel, J. and Tozzi, P. | Astrophys. J. Lett. | Dark Matter Substructure within Galactic Halos | We use numerical simulations to examine the substructure within galactic and cluster mass halos that form within a hierarchical universe. Clusters are easily reproduced with... More... |

1999 | MNRAS310(1999)1147 | Moore, B. and Quinn, T. and Governato, F. and Stadel, J. and Lake, G. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | Cold collapse and the core catastrophe | We show that a universe dominated by cold dark matter fails to reproduce the rotation curves of dark matter dominated galaxies, one of the key... More... |

1998 | PhRvL81(1998)2858 | Anderson, J. D. and Laing, P. A. and Lau, E. L. and Liu, A. S. and Nieto, M. M. and Turyshev, S. G. | Phys. Rev. Lett. | Indication, from Pioneer 10/11, Galileo, and Ulysses Data, of an Apparent Anomalous, Weak, Long-Range Acceleration | Radio metric data from the Pioneer 10/11, Galileo, and Ulysses spacecraft indicate an apparent anomalous, constant, acceleration acting on the spacecraft with a magnitude ~{}8.5{ imes}10^{-8}... More... |

1998 | ApJ502(1998)48 | Kravtsov, A. V. and Klypin, A. A. and Bullock, J. S. and Primack, J. R. | Astrophys. J. | The Cores of Dark Matter-dominated Galaxies: Theory versus Observations | We use the rotation curves of a sample of dark matter-dominated dwarf and low surface brightness (LSB) late-type galaxies to study their radial mass distributions.... More... |

1998 | ApJ499(1998)41 | McGaugh, S. S. and de Blok, W. J. G. | Astrophys. J. | Testing the Dark Matter Hypothesis with Low Surface Brightness Galaxies and Other Evidence | The severity of the mass discrepancy in spiral galaxies is strongly correlated with the central surface brightness of their disks. Progressively lower surface brightness galaxies... More... |

1998 | ApJL499(1998)L5 | Moore, B. and Governato, F. and Quinn, T. and Stadel, J. and Lake, G. | Astrophys. J. Lett. | Resolving the Structure of Cold Dark Matter Halos | We examine the effects of mass resolution and force softening on the density profiles of cold dark matter halos that form within cosmological N-body simulations.... More... |

1998 | arXiv:astro-ph/9807084 | Navarro, J. F. | ArXiV | The Cosmological Significance of Disk Galaxy Rotation Curves | We use the rotation curves of more than 100 disk galaxies to examine whether the structure of their surrounding dark halos is consistent with the... More... |

1998 | PhRvD57(1998)971 | Reuter, M. | Phys. Rev. D | Nonperturbative evolution equation for quantum gravity | A scale-dependent effective action for gravity is introduced and an exact nonperturbative evolution equation is derived which governs its renormalization group flow. It is invariant... More... |

1998 | ApJ503(1998)97 | Sanders, R. H. and Verheijen, M. A. W. | Astrophys. J. | Rotation Curves of Ursa Major Galaxies in the Context of Modified Newtonian Dynamics | This is the third in a series of papers in which spiral galaxy rotation curves are considered in the context of Milgrom's modified dynamics (MOND).... More... |

1998 | MNRAS293(1998)337 | Syer, D. and White, S. D. M. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | Dark halo mergers and the formation of a universal profile | We argue that a universal density profile for dark matter haloes arises as a natural consequence of hierarchical structure formation: it is a fixed point... More... |

1998 | ApJL498(1998)L107 | Tyson, J. A. and Kochanski, G. P. and dell | Astrophys. J. Lett. | Detailed Mass Map of CL 0024+1654 from Strong Lensing | We construct a high-resolution mass map of the z=0.39 cluster 0024+1654, based on a parametric inversion of the associated gravitational lens. The lens creates eight... More... |

1997 | IJMPA12(1997)2437 | Clayton, M. A. | Int. J. Mod. Phys. A | Nonsymmetric Gravitational Theories in Hamiltonian Form | The dynamics of a class of nonsymmetric gravitational theories are presented in Hamiltonian form. The derivation begins with the first-order action, treating the generalized connection... More... |

1997 | ApJ490(1997)493 | Navarro, J. F. and Frenk, C. S. and White, S. D. M. | Astrophys. J. | A Universal Density Profile from Hierarchical Clustering | We use high-resolution N-body simulations to study the equilibrium density profiles of dark matter halos in hierarchically clustering universes. We find that all such profiles... More... |

1997 | ApJ484(1997)145 | Tully, R. B. and Verheijen, M. A. W. | Astrophys. J. | The Ursa Major Cluster of Galaxies. II. Bimodality of the Distribution of Central Surface Brightnesses | The Ursa Major Cluster appears to be unevolved and made up of H I--rich spiral galaxies such as those one finds in the field. B,... More... |

1996 | Clayton:Toronto:1996 | Clayton, M. A. | | Massive NGT | ... More... |

1996 | CQGra13(1996)2851 | Clayton, M. A. | Class. Quant. Grav. | Linearization instabilities of the massive non-symmetric gravitational theory | The massive non-symmetric gravitational theory is shown to possess a linearization instability at purely GR field configurations, disallowing the use of the linear approximation in... More... |

1996 | JMP37(1996)395 | Clayton, M. A. | J. Math. Phys. | Massive NGT and spherically symmetric systems | The arguments leading to the introduction of the massive Nonsymmetric Gravitational action are reviewed $ackslash$cite${$Moffat:1994,Moffat:1995b$}$, leading to an action that gives asymptotically well-behaved perturbations on... More... |

1996 | GReGr28(1996)1221 | L'egar'e, J. and Moffat, J. W. | Gen. Rel. Grav. | Geodesic and Path Motion in the Nonsymmetric Gravitational Theory | We study the problem of test-particle motion in the Nonsymmetric Gravitational Theory ( ngt) assuming the four-velocity of the particle is parallel-transported along the trajectory.... More... |

1996 | Cornish:Toronto:1996 | N. Cornish | | Gravity with a twist | ... More... |

1996 | ApJ462(1996)563 | Navarro, J. F. and Frenk, C. S. and White, S. D. M. | Astrophys. J. | The Structure of Cold Dark Matter Halos | We use N-body simulations to investigate the structure of dark halos in the standard cold dark matter cosmogony. Halos are excised from simulations of cosmologically... More... |

1996 | arXiv:hep-th/9610160 | Nieto, J. A. and Socorro, J. | ArXiV | Is nonsymmetric gravity related to string theory? | In this work we raise the question whether nonsymmetric gravity and string theory are related. We start making the observation, that the gravitational field $... More... |

1996 | AstronJ112(1996)2471 | Tully, R. B. and Verheijen, M. A. W. and Pierce, M. J. and Huang, J.-S. and Wainscoat, R. J. | Astron. J. | The Ursa Major Cluster of Galaxies.I.Cluster Definition and Photometric Data | The Ursa Major Cluster has received remarkably little attention, although it is as near as the Virgo Cluster and contains a comparable number of H... More... |

1996 | Weinberg.QFT2.1996 | Weinberg, S. | | The Quantum Theory of Fields, Vol. 2: Modern Applications | ... More... |

1996 | MNRAS278(1996)488 | Zhao, H. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | Analytical models for galactic nuclei | I present a general family of dynamical models with simple analytical potential-density pairs suited to modelling galactic bulges and nuclei with double power-law radial density... More... |

1995 | ApJL447(1995)L25 | Burkert, A. | Astrophys. J. Lett. | The Structure of Dark Matter Halos in Dwarf Galaxies | Recent observations indicate that dark matter halos have flat central density profiles. Cosmological simulations with nonbaryonic dark matter, however, predict self-similar halos with central density... More... |

1995 | A&A299(1995)365 | Hjorth, J. and Grundahl, F. and Nilsson, K. and Festin, L. | Astron. Astrophys. | High-resolution imaging of the gravitational lens candidate 1208+1011 with the Nordic Optical Telescope. | The large-redshift (z=3.8) quasar 1208+1011 has recently been discovered to be a gravitational lens candidate with a separation of 0.47'' between the two imaged components... More... |

1995 | arXiv:hep-th/9512018 | Moffat, J. W. | ArXiV | Nonsymmetric Gravitational Theory as a String Theory | It is shown that the new version of nonsymmetric gravitational theory (NGT) corresponds in the linear approximation to linear Einstein gravity theory and antisymmetric field... More... |

1995 | Moffat.JMP.1995.36 | Moffat, J. W. | J. Math. Phys. | Nonsymmetric gravitational theory | ... More... |

1995 | PhLB355(1995)447 | Moffat, J. W. | Phys. Lett. B | A new nonsymmetric gravitational theory | A new version of nonsymmetric gravitational theory is presented. The field equations are expanded about the Minkowski metric, giving in lowest order the linear Einstein... More... |

1995 | arXiv:astro-ph/9509143 | Moffat, J. W. and Sokolov, I. Y. | ArXiV | Galaxy Dynamics Predictions in the Nonsymmetric Gravitational Theory | In the weak field approximation, the nonsymmetric gravitational theory (NGT) has, in addition to the Newtonian gravitational potential, a Yukawa-like potential produced by the exchange... More... |

1995 | MNRAS273(1995)277 | Smail, I. and Ellis, R. S. and Fitchett, M. J. and Edge, A. C. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | Gravitational lensing of distant field galaxies by rich clusters - II. Cluster mass distributions | We construct a photometric catalogue of very faint galaxies ({lt}e1{gt}I{lt}~{}{lt}/e1{gt}25.5) using deep CCD images taken with the 4.2-m William Herschel telescope of fields centred on... More... |

1994 | arXiv:gr-qc/9412074 | Legare, J. and Moffat, J. W. | ArXiV | Test-Particle Motion in the Nonsymmetric Gravitational Theory | We present a derivation of the equation of motion for a test-particle in the framework of the nonsymmetric gravitational theory. Three possible couplings of the... More... |

1994 | arXiv:gr-qc/9411027 | Moffat, J. W. | ArXiV | Consistency of the Nonsymmetric Gravitational Theory | A nonsymmetric gravitational theory (NGT) is presented which is free of ghost poles, tachyons and higher-order poles and there are no problems with asymptotic boundary... More... |

1993 | PhRvD47(1993)1541 | Damour, T. and Deser, S. and McCarthy, J. | Phys. Rev. D | Nonsymmetric gravity theories: Inconsistencies and a cure | Motivated by the apparent dependence of string {$\sigma$} models on the sum of spacetime metric and antisymmetric tensor fields, we reconsider gravity theories constructed from... More... |

1993 | Hucks.JMP.1993.34 | Hucks, J. | J. Math. Phys. | Hyperbolic complex structures in physics | ... More... |

1992 | Everitt.1992.Grossman | Everitt, C. W. F. | | Gravity Probe B: I. The scientific implications. | ... More... |

1992 | Lee.CQG.1992.9 | Lee, C.-Y. | Class. Quant. Grav. | Renormalization of quantum gravity with local GL(4,R) symmetry | ... More... |

1991 | MNRAS249(1991)523 | Begeman, K. G. and Broeils, A. H. and Sanders, R. H. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | Extended rotation curves of spiral galaxies - Dark haloes and modified dynamics | Strict criteria are applied to the sample of spiral galaxies with measured rotation curves in order to select those objects for which the observed rotation... More... |

1991 | Moffat.Banff.1991 | Moffat, J. W. | | Review of the nonsymmetric gravitational theory. | ... More... |

1990 | Floreanini.CQG.1990.7 | Floreanini, R. and Percacci, R. | Class. Quant. Grav. | Canonical algebra of GL(4)-invariant gravity. | ... More... |

1990 | PhRvD41(1990)3111 | Moffat, J. W. and Brownstein, J. R. | Phys. Rev. D | Spinning test particles and the motion of a gyroscope according to the nonsymmetric gravitation theory | The motion of spinning test particles is derived in the nonsymmetric gravitation theory using the field equations of matter and the methods of Papapetrou. The... More... |

1990 | Nakanishi.1990 | Nakanishi, N. and Ojima, I. | | Covariant operator formalism of gauge theories and quantum gravity | ... More... |

1989 | PhRvD40(1989)1919 | Gegenberg, J. and Kelly, P. F. and Kunstatter, G. and Mann, R. B. and McArthur, R. and Vincent, D. | Phys. Rev. D | Quantum properties of algebraically extended bosonic {$\sigma$} models | The Weyl anomaly is computed for a class of two-dimensional algebraically extended bosonic {$\sigma$} models. Although these models are classically equivalent to the standard bosonic... More... |

1989 | Mann.CQG.1989.6 | Mann, R. B. | Class. Quant. Grav. | New ghost-free extensions of general relativity. | ... More... |

1989 | PhRvD40(1989)2499 | Moffat, J. W. | Phys. Rev. D | Detection of dark matter and tests of the weak equivalence principle | Estimates of the predicted magnitude of deviations from Newtonian gravitation and the possible violations of the weak equivalence principle in the nonsymmetric gravitational theory (NGT),... More... |

1989 | MNRAS237(1989)247 | Salucci, P. and Frenk, C. S. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | The effect of the disc on the rotation curves of spiral galaxies | The contribution of galactic disks to the shape and amplitude of the rotation curves in the outer parts of spirals is examined. It is found... More... |

1988 | PhLB202(1988)497 | Bekenstein, J. D. | Phys. Lett. B | Phase coupling gravitation: Symmetries and gauge fields | We consider possible generalizations of phase coupling gravitation, a relativistic theory introduced to account for the astrophysical missing mass problem in the framework of departures... More... |

1988 | ApJ328(1988)489 | Hoffman, Y. | Astrophys. J. | On the formation and structure of galactic halos | The author studies analytically the formation and structure of galaxies and clusters, which emerge from a primordial Gaussian perturbation ({$\delta$}) field via gravitational instability. These... More... |

1988 | AstronJ96(1988)514 | Kent, S. M. | Astron. J. | Dark matter in spiral galaxies. III - The SA galaxies | Luminosity profiles have been obtained for 14 Sa galaxies with optical rotation curves measured by Rubin et al. In about half the galaxies, the rotation... More... |

1988 | Moffat.Moriond.1989 | Moffat, J. W. | | Experimental tests of the nonsymmetric gravitational theory. | ... More... |

1988 | Moffat.JMP.1988.29 | Moffat, J. W. | J. Math. Phys. | Spinor fields and the GL(4,R) gauge structure in the nonsymmetric theory of gravitation | ... More... |

1988 | Talmadge.PRL.1988.61 | Talmadge, C. and Berthias, J.-P. and Hellings, R. W. and Standish, E. M. | Phys. Rev. Lett. | Model-independent constraints on possible modifications of Newtonian gravity | ... More... |

1988 | AstronJ95(1988)1642 | The, L. S. and White, S. D. M. | Astron. J. | Modified Newtonian dynamics and the Coma cluster | The authors check the consistency of Milgrom's theory of Modified Newtonian Dynamics against optical and X-ray data for the Coma cluster of galaxies. They find... More... |

1987 | AstronJ93(1987)816 | Kent, S. M. | Astron. J. | Dark matter in spiral galaxies. II - Galaxies with H I rotation curves | Luminosity profiles and rotation curves for 16 galaxies are analyzed to study the light and mass distribution in each galaxy. The mass distribution is modeled... More... |

1986 | PhRvD34(1986)3012 | dell, J. and Delyra, J. L. and Smolin, L. | Phys. Rev. D | Quantization of a gauge theory with independent metric and connection fields | We carry out the Hamiltonian quantization of a member of a class of gauge theories in which the internal metric becomes an independent degree of... More... |

1986 | Dell(1986)489 | Dell, J. and Smolin, L. | ArXiV | Unification of gravitation with particle physics via metric-connection theories. | The authors biefly discuss some progress towards the construction of perturbatively sensible quantum field theories based on a new proposal for the unification of general... More... |

1986 | AstronJ91(1986)1301 | Kent, S. M. | Astron. J. | Dark matter in spiral galaxies. I - Galaxies with optical rotation curves | Data obtained with a CCD camera are presented for 37 Sb and Sc galaxies with existing optical rotation curves. The CCD images are used to... More... |

1986 | Moffat.CJP.1986.64 | Moffat, J. W. | Can. J. Phys. | Superstring physics | ... More... |

1986 | A&A154(1986)135 | Sanders, R. H. | Astron. Astrophys. | Finite length-scale anti-gravity and observations of mass discrepancies in galaxies | The modification of Newtonian attraction suggested by Sanders (1984) contains a repulsive Yukawa component which is characterised by two physical parameters: a coupling constant, {$\alpha$},... More... |

1986 | MNRAS223(1986)539 | Sanders, R. H. | Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. | Alternatives to dark matter | Two recently suggested modifications of Newtonian gravity are discussed in the light of general constraints on classical gravity theories and observations of mass discrepancies in... More... |

1985 | ApJ297(1985)16 | Hoffman, Y. and Shaham, J. | Astrophys. J. | Local density maxima - Progenitors of structure | Beginning with a short review of the observational data and of some previous theoretical ideas and numerical simulations, the question is addressed of how the... More... |

1985 | Zhong.JMP.1985.26 | Zhong, Z. Z. | J. Math. Phys. | On the hyperbolic complex linear symmetry groups and their local gauge transformation actions | ... More... |

1984 | ApJ286(1984)7 | Bekenstein, J. and Milgrom, M. | Astrophys. J. | Does the missing mass problem signal the breakdown of Newtonian gravity? | A nonrelativistic potential theory for gravity is considered which differs from the Newtonian theory. The theory is built on the basic assumptions of the modified... More... |

1984 | ApJ281(1984)1 | Fillmore, J. A. and Goldreich, P. | Astrophys. J. | Self-similar gravitational collapse in an expanding universe | The authors derive similarity solutions which describe the collapse of cold, collisionless matter in a perturbed Einstein-de Sitter universe. They obtain three classes of solutions,... More... |

1984 | Mann.CQG.1984.1 | Mann, R. B. | Class. Quant. Grav. | Five theories of gravity | ... More... |

1984 | Mann.NPB.1984.231 | Mann, R. B. | Nuc. Phys. B | Q gravity | ... More... |

1984 | A&A136(1984)L21 | Sanders, R. H. | Astron. Astrophys. | Anti-gravity and galaxy rotation curves | A modification of Newtonian gravitational attraction which arises in the context of modern attempts to unify gravity with the other forces in nature can produce... More... |

1984 | Smolin.NPB.1984.247 | Smolin, L. | Nuc. Phys. B | High-energy behavior and second class constraints in quantum gravity | ... More... |

1984 | PhRvD30(1984)2159 | Smolin, L. | Phys. Rev. D | New class of renormalizable and asymptotically free gauge theories | A renormalizable extension of Yang-Mills theory is proposed in which the internal metric, with respect to which SU(N) is defined as a subgroup of SL(N,C),... More... |

1984 | Wald:GR:1984 | Wald, R. M. | | General Relativity | ... More... |

1984 | Zhong.JMP.1984.25 | Zhong, Z. Z. | J. Math. Phys. | On the local GL(4, R) gauge symmetry of hyperbolic complex metrics | ... More... |

1983 | JMP24(1983)886 | Kunstatter, G. and Moffat, J. W. and Malzan, J. | J. Math. Phys. | Geometrical interpretation of a generalized theory of gravitation | ... More... |

1983 | ApJ270(1983)365 | Milgrom, M. | Astrophys. J. | A modification of the Newtonian dynamics as a possible alternative to the hidden mass hypothesis | The author considers the possibility that there is not, in fact, much hidden mass in galaxies and galaxy systems. If a certain modified version of... More... |

1983 | ApJ270(1983)371 | Milgrom, M. | Astrophys. J. | A modification of the Newtonian dynamics - Implications for galaxies | A form of the Newtonian dynamics which has been modified with respect to inertia and/or gravity is used to describe the motion of bodies in... More... |

1982 | ApJ253(1982)70 | Burstein, D. and Rubin, V. C. and Thonnard, N. and Ford, Jr., W. K. | Astrophys. J. | The distribution of mass in SC galaxies | For a sample of 21 Sc galaxies ranging from very low to very high luminosity, we have previously presented rotational velocities across 83 \% of... More... |

1981 | Nat291(1981)636 | Gibbons, G. W. and Whiting, B. F. | Nat. | Newtonian gravity measurements impose constraints on unification theories | Theories which attempt to unify gravity with the other forces of nature can be coarsely classified according to the mass scale of the new particles... More... |

1981 | JPhA14(1981)847 | Kunstatter, G. and Yates, R. | J. Phy. A Math. Gen. | The geometrical structure of a complexified theory of gravitation | ... More... |

1981 | Mann.1981.JPA.14 | Mann, R. B. and Moffat, J. W. | Journal of Physics A | Linear approximation in a new theory of gravity | ... More... |

1979 | PhRvD19(1979)3554 | Moffat, J. W. | Phys. Rev. D | New theory of gravitation | ... More... |

1978 | ApJL225(1978)L107 | Rubin, V. C. and Thonnard, N. and Ford, Jr., W. K. | Astrophys. J. Lett. | Extended rotation curves of high-luminosity spiral galaxies. IV - Systematic dynamical properties, SA through SC | ... More... |

1977 | ARA&A15(1977)505 | Bahcall, N. A. | Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. | Clusters of galaxies | Observational properties of clusters of galaxies and some theoretical interpretations are reviewed. The major subjects of the review include catalogs of clusters, the static properties... More... |

1977 | AnPhy107(1977)56 | Isenberg, J. A. and Nester, J. M. | Ann. Phys. | The effect of gravitational interaction on classical fields: A hamilton-dirac analysis | ... More... |

1977 | A&A54(1977)661 | Tully, R. B. and Fisher, J. R. | Astron. Astrophys. | A new method of determining distances to galaxies | It is proposed that for spiral galaxies there is a good correlation between the global neutral hydrogen line profile width, a distance-independent observable, and the... More... |

1976 | A&A49(1976)137 | Cavaliere, A. and Fusco-Femiano, R. | Astron. Astrophys. | X-rays from hot plasma in clusters of galaxies | To disentangle the X-ray emissions from clusters of galaxies, we study the simple limiting model of bremsstrahlung emission by a static hot plasma in the... More... |

1974 | Nat250(1974)309 | Einasto, J. and Kaasik, A. and Saar, E. | Nat. | Dynamic evidence on massive coronas of galaxies | A LONGSTANDING unresolved problem in galactic astronomy is the mass discrepancy observed in clusters of galaxies. The virial mass of the cluster per galaxy and... More... |

1974 | PhRvD9(1974)2273 | Kalb, M. and Ramond, P. | Phys. Rev. D | Classical direct interstring action | We generalize the classical action-at-a-distance theory between point particles to include one-dimensionally extended objects (strings) in space-time. We build parametrization-invariant couplings which lead to equations... More... |

1974 | ApJL193(1974)L1 | Ostriker, J. P. and Peebles, P. J. E. and Yahil, A. | Astrophys. J. Lett. | The size and mass of galaxies, and the mass of the universe | Presented arguments are shown to indicate that the mass of spiral galaxies increases almost linearly with radius to nearly 1 Mpc. This means that the... More... |

1973 | PhRvL30(1973)1343 | Gross, D. J. and Wilczek, F. | Phys. Rev. Lett. | Ultraviolet Behavior of Non-Abelian Gauge Theories | It is shown that a wide class of non-Abelian gauge theories have, up to calculable logarithmic corrections, free-field-theory asymptotic behavior. It is suggested that Bjorken... More... |

1973 | A&A26(1973)483 | Roberts, M. S. and Rots, A. H. | Astron. Astrophys. | Comparison of Rotation Curves of Different Galaxy Types | Summary. Rotation curves extending to large radial distances are now available for 3 spiral galaxies, each of a different type. Differences in shape of the... More... |

1973 | Nieuwenhuizen.NPB.1973.60 | van Nieuwenhuizen, P. | Nuc. Phys. B | On ghost-free tensor Lagrangians and linearized gravitation | ... More... |

1973 | NuPhB62(1973)444 | `t Hooft, G. | Nuc. Phys. B | An algorithm for the poles at dimension four in the dimensional regularization procedure | One-loop Feynman diagrams, when regularized using the continuous dimension method, exhibit single poles at n = 4, and these poles can be eliminated by a... More... |

1970 | SJNP10(1970)235 | Khriplovich, I. B. | Sov. J. Nucl. Phys. | | ... More... |

1968 | Sakharov:SPD:1967 | Sakharov, A. D. | Sov. Phys. Dokl. | Vacuum quantum fluctuations in curved space and the theory of gravitation | ... More... |

1967 | RMUP8(1967)27 | Crumeyrolle, A. | Riv.Mat.Univ.Parma | Varietes differentiables a structure complexe hyperbolique. Application | ... More... |

1966 | AstronJ71(1966)64 | King, I. R. | Astron. J. | The structure of star clusters. III. Some simple dynamical models | Dynamical models of star clusters are presented, based on steady-state solutions of the Fokker-Planck equation. The models are spatially limited, corresponding to the tidal cutoff... More... |

1966 | Tonnelat:Springer:1966 | Tonnelat, M. A. | | The principles of electromagnetic theory and of relativity | ... More... |

1965 | SJETP21(1965)375 | Vanyashin, V. S. and Terent | Soviet Journal Physics | | ... More... |

1961 | PhRv124(1961)925 | Brans, C. and Dicke, R. H. | Phys. Rev. | Mach | The role of Mach\'s principle in physics is discussed in relation to the equivalence principle. The difficulties encountered in attempting to incorporate Mach\'s principle into... More... |

1960 | Chandrasekhar:1960 | Chandrasekhar, S. | | Principles of Stellar Dynamics | ... More... |

1959 | Jordan.ZfP.1959.157 | Jordan, P. | Zeitschrift fur Physik | Zum gegenwartigen Stand der Diracschen kosmologischen Hypothesen | ... More... |

1955 | Einstein:AM:1955 | Einstein, A. and Kaufman, B. | Ann. Math. | | ... More... |

1954 | Einstein:AM:1954 | Einstein, A. and Kaufman, B. | Ann. Math. | | ... More... |

1954 | PhRv96(1954)191 | Yang, C. N. and Mills, R. L. | Phys. Rev. | Conservation of Isotopic Spin and Isotopic Gauge Invariance | It is pointed out that the usual principle of invariance under isotopic spin rotation is not consistant with the concept of localized fields. The possibility... More... |

1946 | Einstein:AM:1946 | Einstein, A. and Straus, G. | Ann. Math. | | ... More... |

1945 | Einstein:AM:1945 | Einstein, A. | Ann. Math. | | ... More... |

1935 | Yukawa:PRMSJ:1935 | Yukawa, H. | Proc. Phys. Math. Soc. Jap. | | ... More... |

1933 | AcHPh6(1933)110 | Zwicky, F. | Helv. Phys. Acta | Die Rotverschiebung von extragalaktischen Nebeln | ... More... |

1932 | Oort:1932 | Oort, J. | Bull. Astron. N. | | ... More... |

1928 | Einstein:UFT:1928 | Einstein, A. | Preuss. Akad. d. Wissensch. | | ... More... |

1922 | Cartan:CR:1922 | Cartan, E. | Comptes Rendus Acad. Sci. | | ... More... |

1921 | Eddington:RSL:1921 | Eddington, A. S. | Proc. Roy. Soc. London | | ... More... |

1916 | Einstein:GR:1916 | Einstein, A. | Ann. P. | | ... More... |

1907 | Einstein:EP:1907 | Einstein, A. | Jahrbuch der Radioaktivitaet und Elektronik | | ... More... |

1905 | Einstein:SR:1905 | Einstein, A. | Ann. P. | | ... More... |

1905 | Poincare:SR:1905 | Poincare, J.H. | Comptes Rendus Acad.Sci. | | ... More... |

1904 | Poincare:1904 | Poincare, J.H. | Bulletin des sciences mathematiques | | ... More... |

1878 | Clifford.AJM.1878.1 | Clifford, W. K. | Am. J. Math | | ... More... |

1873 | Clifford.PLMS.1873.4 | Clifford, W. K. | Proc. London Math. Soc. | | ... More... |

1687 | Newton:Principia:1687 | Newton, I. | | Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica | ... More... |