Publications Patents and Reports


* ACCS member


Coopman, Q., J. Riedi, S. Zeng and T. J. Garrett, 2020: Space‐Based Analysis of the Cloud Thermodynamic Phase Transition for Varying Microphysical and Meteorological Regimes. Geophys. Res. Lett., 47, doi:10.1029/2020GL087122

Garrett, T. J., D. Amin, A. Reaburn. 2019: Systems and methods for imaging of moving objects. U.S. Provisional Application No. 62/815,126


Dunnavan, E. L., Z. Jiang, J. Y. Harrington, J. Verlinde, K. Fitch and T. J. Garrett, 2019: The Shape and Density Evolution of Snow Aggregates, J. Atmos. Sci., doi:10.1175/JAS-D-19-0066.1

Garrett, T. J, D, Kumar Singh, K. Rees, and E. Pardyjak, 2019: Differential emissivity based evaporable particle measurement. US Provisional patent Application No. 62/941,665

Rees, K. N. and T. J. Garrett, 2019: Analytical Estimation of the Widths of Hadley Cells in the Solar System, Astrophys. J., 879, doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab1fde

Garrett, T. J. 2019, Steady-state analytical solutions for precipitation size distributions. J. Atmos. Sci. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-18-0309.1


Garrett, T. J., I. B. Glenn, S. K. Krueger, 2018: Thermodynamic Constraints on the Size Distributions of Tropical Clouds. J. Geophys. Res., 123, 8832-8849, doi:10.1029/2018JD028803

Q. Coopman*, J. Riedi, D.P. Finch, and T.J. Garrett, 2018: Evidence for Changes in Arctic Cloud Phase Due to Long‐Range Pollution Transport, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 10,709-10,718, doi:10.1029/2018GL079873

Patou, M., J. Riedi, J. Vidot, G. Penide and T. J. Garrett, 2018: Prediction of the onset of heavy rain using SEVIRI cloud observations, J. Appl. Met. Clim. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-17-0352.1

Q. Coopman*, T.J. Garrett, D.P. Finch, and J. Riedi, 2018: High sensitivity of arctic liquid clouds to long-range anthropogenic-aerosol transport, 45, 372-381, Geophys. Res. Lett. doi:10.1002/2017GL075795.


Gergely, M., S. J. Cooper, and T. J. Garrett, 2017: Using snowflake surface-area-to-volume ratio to model and interpret snowfall triple-frequency radar signatures, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 12011-12030,

Garrett, T. J., T. J. Reichler, P. Staten, 2017: High sensitivity to warming in an energetic model for Hadley cell width. Nature Communications. under review

Q. Coopman*, T.J. Garrett, D.P. Finch, and J. Riedi, 2017: High sensitivity of arctic liquid clouds to long-range anthropogenic-aerosol transport. Geophys. Res. Lett. doi:10.1002/2017GL075795.


Gergely M*. and T. J. Garrett, 2016: Impact of the natural variability in snowflake diameter, aspect ratio, and orientation on modeled snowfall radar reflectivity. J. Geophys. Research, doi: 10.1002/2016JD025192

Q. Coopman, T. J. Garrett, J. Riedi, S. Eckhardt, and A. Stohl, 2016: Effect of long-range aerosol transport on the microphysical properties of low-level liquid clouds in the Arctic. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 16, 4661-4674, doi:10.5194/acp-16-4661-2016.


Minvielle, F., N. Ferlay, T. J. Garrett, and G. Penide,, 2015: Un mammatus  l'envers : par-del le visible, des nuages inconnus! La Mtorologie, 90, 50-52, doi:10.4267/2042/56838

Garrett, T. J., 2015: Long-run evolution of the global economy II: Hindcasts of innovation and growth. Earth Syst. Dynam. 6, 655?698

Garrett, T. J., 2015: Our capacity to discover and produce energy matters. Retirement Management Journal, 5, 47-48.

Garrett, T. J., Yuter, S.E., Fallgatter, C*., Shkurko, K*., Rhodes, S. R. and Endries, J. L., 2015: Orientations and aspect ratios of falling snow. Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 4617?4622, doi:10.1002/2015GL064040


Nicolas Ferlay; T. J. Garrett; Fanny Minvielle, 2014: Satellite observations of an unusual cloud formation near the tropopause. J. Atmos. Sci., 71, 3801?3815. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-13-0361.1

Garrett, T. J. and S. E. Yuter: Observed influence of riming, temperature, and turbulence on the fallspeed of solid precipitation Geophys. Res. Lett. doi:10.1002/2014GL061016.

Garrett, T. J., 2014: Long-run evolution of the global economy Part I: Physical basis. Earth's Future 2, 127–151, doi: 10.1002/2013EF000171


Airborne Measurements for Environmental Research: Methods and Instruments: co-author. M. Wendisch and J.-L. Brenguier, eds. 2013

Garrett, T. J. and K. Hammonds, 2013: Crystallizing Opinion, Meteorological Technology International, April, pp. 32--36

Schmidt, C. T.* and T. J. Garrett, 2013: A simple framework for the dynamic response of cirrus clouds to local diabatic radiative heating, J. Atmos. Sci., 70, 1409–1422

Garrett, T. J. and C. Zhao, 2013: Ground based remote sensing of thin clouds in the Arctic. Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6, 1227-1243 doi:10.5194/amt-6-1227-2013

van Diedenhoven, B., B. Cairns, A. M. Fridlind, A. S. Ackerman, and T. J. Garrett, 2013: Remote sensing of ice crystal asymmetry parameter using multi-directional polarization measurements – Part 2: Application to the Research Scanning Polarimeter. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13, 3185-3203 doi:10.5194/acp-13-3185-2013.


Garrett, T. J., 2012: Can we predict long-run economic growth? Retirement Management Journal 2(2) 53-61.

Garrett, T. J., C. Fallgatter, K. Shkurko, and D. Howlett, 2012: Fallspeed measurement and high-resolution multi-angle photography of hydrometeors in freefall. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 5, 2625-2633, doi:10.5194/amt-5-2625-2012

Garrett, T. J., M. Dubey, S. Schwartz, 2012. Diverse views on Climate Change: The Third Santa Fe Conference on Global and Regional Climate Change. EOS 93, 157, doi:10.1029/2012EO150007

Garrett, T. J., 2012 Modes of Growth in Dynamic Systems doi:10.1098/rspa.2012.0039(online at Proc. Roy. Soc. A), 2012

Garrett, T. J., 2012: No way out? The double-bind in seeking global prosperity alongside mitigated climate change, Earth System Dynamics 3, 1-17, doi:10.5194/esd-3-1-2012


Garrett, T. J., S. Brattström*, S. Sharma, D. E. J. Worthy, and P. Novelli, 2011: The role of scavenging in the seasonal transport of black carbon and sulfate to the Arctic, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L16805, doi:10.1029/2011GL048221.

Cooper, S. J*. and T. J. Garrett, 2011: Application of infrared remote sensing to constrain in-situ estimates of ice crystal particle size during SPartICus Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 1593-1602

Baumgardner, D., et al., Airborne instruments to measure atmospheric aerosol particles, clouds and radiation: A cook's tour of mature and emerging technolology, Atmos. Res. (2011), doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2011.06.021

Tietze, K.*, Riedi, J., Stohl, A. and Garrett, T. J. Space-based evaluation of interactions between aerosols and low-level Arctic clouds during the Spring and Summer of 2008 Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 3359-3373, doi:10.5194/acp-11-3359-2011 , 2011

Garrett, T. J., 2011 How persistent is civilization growth? arXiv:1101.5635v1

Garrett, T. J., 2011 Are there basic physical constraints on future anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide? Climatic Change, 104, 437-455,  doi:10.1007/s10584-009-9717-9


Garrett, T. J.  C. T. Schmidt*, S. Kihlgren* and Céline Cornet, 2010: Mammatus clouds as a response to cloud base radiative heating J. Atmos. Sci. 67, 3891–3903  

Leaitch, W. R.,  U. Lohmann, L. M. Russell, T. Garrett, N. C. Shantz, D. Toom-Sauntry, J. W. Strapp, K. L. Hayden, J. Marshall, D. Worsnop, and J. Jayne, 2010: Cloud albedo increase from carbonaceous aerosol. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 7669-7684

Jourdan, O., G. Mioche, T. J. Garrett, A. Schwarzenböck, J. Vidot, Y. Xie, V. Shcherbakov, P. Yang, and J.-F. Gayet, 2010: Coupling of the microphysical and optical properties of arctic clouds during the ASTAR 2004 experiment: Implications for light scattering modelling. J. Geophys. Res. 115, D23206 

Cooper, S. J.* and T. J. Garrett, 2010: Identification of small ice cloud particles using passive radiometric observations. J. Appl. Meteorol. Clim. 49, 2334–2347, doi: 10.1175/2010JAMC2466.1   

Garrett, T. J.*, C. Zhao*, and P. Novelli, 2010: Assessing the relative contributions of transport efficiency and scavenging to seasonal variability in Arctic aerosol. Tellus B, 62, 190 - 196


Fallgatter, C*. and T. J. Garrett, 2009: Systems and methods for imaging of falling objects. Patent Application 61267952

Garrett, T. J., M. M. Maestas*, S. K. Krueger, and C. T. Schmidt, 2009, Acceleration by aerosol of a radiative-thermodynamic cloud feedback influencing Arctic surface warming, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L19804, doi:10.1029/2009GL040195.


Zhao, C.*, and T. J. Garrett, 2008: Ground-based remote sensing of precipitation in the Arctic, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D14204, doi:10.1029/2007JD009222

Menon, S., D. Unger, D. Koch, J. Francis, T. Garrett, I. Sednev, D. Shindell, and D. Streets, 2008: Aerosol climate effects and air quality impacts from 1980 to 2030 Environ. Res. Lett. 3, 024004

Garrett, T. J. and L. Verzella, 2008: An evolving history of Arctic aerosols. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 89, 299–302

P. K. Quinn, T. S. Bates, E. Baum, N. Doubleday, A. M. Fiore, M. Flanner, A. Fridlind, T. J. Garrett, D. Koch, S. Menon, D. Shindell, A. Stohl and S. G. Warren, 2008: Short-lived pollutants in the Arctic: their climate impact and possible mitigation strategies, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 1723–1735

Schultz, D.M., A.J. Durant, J.M. Straka, and T. J. Garrett, 2008: Reply. J. Atmos. Sci. 65, 1095-1097

Garrett, T. J. Observational quantification of the optical properties of cirrus cloud. Chapter in Light Scattering Reviews, Vol. 3, Praxis, A. Kokhanovsky, ed., 2008


Liu, C., E. Zipser, T. J. Garrett, J. Jiang, and H. Su, 2007: How do the water vapor and carbon monoxide "tape recorders" start near the tropical tropopause? Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L09804, doi:10.1029/2006GL029234, 2007

Noel, V., D. M. Winker, T. J. Garrett, and M. McGill, 2007: Extinction coefficients retrieved in deep tropical ice clouds from lidar observations using a CALIPSO-like algorithm compared to in-situ measurements from the Cloud Integrating Nephelometer during CRYSTAL-FACE. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 1415-1422

T. J. Garrett, 2007: Comments on "Effective radius of ice cloud particle populations derived from aircraft probes" J. Atmos. Oceanic. Technol. 24, 1492-1503 HTML

Avey, L.*, T. J. Garrett, A. Stohl, 2007: Evaluation of the aerosol indirect effect using satellite, tracer transport model, and aircraft data from ICARTT, J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10S33, doi:10.1029/2006JD007581 HTML PDF

Garrett, T. J., M. B. Kimball*, G. G. Mace, D. G. Baumgardner, 2007: Observing cirrus halos to constrain in-situ measurements of ice crystal size Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss, 7, 1295-1325


Garrett, T. J., L. Avey*, P. I. Palmer, A. Stohl, J. A. Neuman, C. A. Brock, T. B. Ryerson, and J. S. Holloway, 2006: Quantifying wet scavenging processes in aircraft observations of Nitric Acid and CCN. J. Geophys. Res. D23S51, doi:10.1029/2006JD007416

Garrett, T. J., M. A. Zulauf, and S. K. Krueger, 2006: Effects of cirrus near the tropopause on anvil cirrus dynamics, Geophys. Res. Lett, 33, L17804, doi:10.1029/2006GL027071 

Garrett, T. J. and C. Zhao*, 2006: Increased Arctic cloud longwave emissivity associated with pollution from mid-latitudes. Nature, 440, 10.1038/nature04636, 787-789

Garrett, T. J., J. Dean-Day, C. Liu, B. K. Barnett, G. G. Mace, D. B. Baumgardner, C. R. Webster, T. P. Bui, W. B. Read, and P. Minnis 2006: Convective formation of pileus cloud near the tropopause Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 1185-1200

Schultz, D. M., K. M. Kanak, J. M. Straka, R. J. Trapp, B. A. Gordon, D. S. Zrnic, G. H. Bryan, A. J. Durant, T. J. Garrett, P. M. Klein, and D. K. Lilly, 2006: The mysteries of mammatus clouds: Observations and formation mechanisms. J. Atmos. Sci., 63, 2409-2435


Garrett, T. J., B. C. Navarro*, C. H. Twohy, E. J. Jensen, D. G. Baumgardner, T. P Bui, H. Gerber, R. L. Herman, A. J. Heymsfield, P. Lawson, P. Minnis, L. Nguyen, M. Poellot, S. K. Pope,  F. P. J. Valero,  and E. Weinstock 2005: Evolution of a Florida cirrus anvil, J. Atmos. Sci., 62, 2352–2372.  


Roskovensky, J. K., K.-N. Liou, T. J. Garrett, D. G., Baumgardner, 2004: Simultaneous Retrieval of Aerosol and Thin Cirrus Optical Depths using MODIS Airborne Simulator Data during CRYSTAL-FACE and CLAMS. Geophys. Res. Lett. Vol. 31, No. 18, 10.1029/2004GL020457  PDF

Garrett T. J., A. J. Heymsfield, B. A. Ridley, M. J. McGill, D. G. Baumgardner, T. P. Bui, and C. R. Webster, 2004: Convective generation of cirrus near the tropopause, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D21203, doi:10.1029/2004JD004952 PDF

Garrett, T. J., C. Zhao*, X. Dong, G. G. Mace, P. V. Hobbs, 2004: Effects of Varying Aerosol Regimes on Low-Level Arctic Stratus. Geophys. Res. Lett. Vol. 31, No. 17, L17105 10.1029/2004GL019928 PDF

P. J. Popp, R. S. Gao, T. P. Marcy, D. W. Fahey, P. K. Hudson, T. L. Thompson, B. Karcher, R. L. Herman, B. A. Ridley, A. J. Weinheimer, D. J. Knapp, D. D. Montzka, D. G. Baumgardner, T. J. Garrett, E. M. Weinstock, J. G. Smith, D. S. Sayres, J. V. Pittman, S, Dhaniyala, P. T. Bui, and M. J. Mahoney, 2004: Nitric acid uptake on subtropical cirrus cloud particles. J. Geophys. Res. 109, D06302, doi: 10.1029/2003JD004255 PDF

Gao, R. S., P. J. Popp, D. W. Fahey, T. P. Marcy, R. L. Herman, E. M. Weinstock, D. G. Baumgardner, T. J. Garrett, K. H. Rosenlof, T. L. Thompson, P. T. Bui, B. A. Ridley, S. C. Wofsey, O. B. Toon, M. A. Tolbert, B. Karcher, Th. Peter, P. K. Hudson, A. J. Weinheimer, and A. J. Heymsfield, 2004: Evidence that Nitric Acid increases relative humidity in low-temperature cirrus clouds. Science, 303, 516-520. PDF


Garrett, T. J., H. Gerber, D. G. Baumgardner, D. G., C. H. Twohy, and E. M. Weinstock, 2003: Small, highly reflective ice crystals in low-latitude cirrus. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 2132, doi:10.1029/2003GL018153.

Garrett, T.J. L.M. Russell, V. Ramaswamy, S.M. Maria, and B. Huebert, 2003: Microphysical and radiative evolution of aerosol plumes over the tropical North Atlantic Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 108 (D1), 4022, doi:10.1029/2002JD002228. PDF


Garrett, T.J., L.F. Radke, and P.V. Hobbs, 2002: Aerosol effects on cloud emissivity and surface longwave heating in the Arctic, J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 769-778. PDF

Garrett, T.J., P.V. Hobbs, and L.R. Radke, 2002: High aitken nucleus concentrations above cloud tops in the Arctic, J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 779-783. PDF

Wendisch, M., T. J. Garrett, and W. Strapp, 2002: PVM-100A liquid water content probe response to large droplets. J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 19, 1577-1584. PDF


Garrett, T.J., P.V. Hobbs, and H. Gerber, 2001: Shortwave, single-scattering properties of arctic ice clouds, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 15,155-15,172. PDF


Curry, J. A, P. V. Hobbs, M. D. King, D. A. Randall, P. Minnis, G. A. Isaac, J. O. Pinto, T. Uttal, A. Bucholtz, D. G. Cripe, H. Gerber, C. W. Fairall, T. J. Garrett, J. Hudson, J. M., Intrieri, C. Jakob, T. Jensen, P. Lawson, D. Marcotte, L. Nguyen, P. Pilewskie, A. Rangno, D. C. Rogers, K. B Strawbridge, F. P. J. Valero, A. G. Williams, D. Wylie, 2000: FIRE Arctic Clouds Experiment. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 81, 5-29.

Durkee, P. and co authors, 2000: The impact of ship-produced aerosols on the microstructure and albedo of warm marine stratocumulus clouds: A test of MAST hypotheses 1i and 1ii. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 2554-2569. PDF

Ferek, R.J., T.J. Garrett and co-authors, 2000: Drizzle suppression in ship tracks. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 2707-2728. PDF

Hobbs, P.V., T.J. Garrett, and co-authors, 2000: Emissions from ships with respect to their effects on clouds, J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 2570-2590. PDF

Hudson, J.G., T.J. Garrett, P.V. Hobbs, S.R. Strader, Y. Xie, and S.S. Yum, 2000: Cloud condensation nuclei and ship tracks. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 2696-2706. PDF

Noone K. J., D. W. Johnson, J. P. Taylor, R. J. Ferek, T. Garrett, P. V. Hobbs, P. A. Durkee, K. Nielsen, E. Öström, C. O'Dowd, M. H. Smith, L. M. Russell, R. C. Flagan, J. H. Seinfeld, L. De Bock, R. E. Van Grieken, J. G. Hudson, I. Brooks, R. F. Gasparovic, and R. A. Pockalny, 2000: A Case Study of Ship Track Formation in a Polluted Marine Boundary Layer. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 2748-2764. PDF

Noone, K. J., D. W. Johnson, J. P., Taylor, R. J. Ferek, T. Garrett, P. V. Hobbs, P. A. Durkee, K. Nielsen, E. Oestrom, C. O'Dowd, M. H. Smith, L. M. Russell, R. C. Flagan, J. H. Seinfeld, L. DeBock, R. E. Van Grieken, J. G. Hudson, I. Brooks, R. F. Gasparovic, I. Brooks, 2000: A case of ships forming and not forming tracks in moderately polluted clouds, J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 2729-2747. PDF

Gerber, H., Y. Takano, T. J. Garrett, and P. V. Hobbs, 2000: Nephelometer measurements of the asymmetry parameter, volume extinction coefficient, and backscatter ratio in clouds. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 3021-3034. PDF


Garrett, T.J. and P.V. Hobbs, 1995: Long-range transport of continental aerosols over the Atlantic Ocean and their effects on cloud structures. J. Atmos. Sci., 52, 2977-2984. PDF

Other Publications

Garrett, T.J., Bair, E.H., Fallgatter, C.J.,Shkurko, K., Davis, R.E., and Howlett, D. 2012: The Multi-angle snowflake camera. Proceedings of the 2012 International Snow Science Workshop

Co-author on Climate Change and Utah: The Scientific Consensus, a report to the Governor of Utah's Blue Ribbon Advisory Committee on Climate Change.

Quinn, P.K., T.S. Bates, E. Baum, T. Bond, J.F. Burkhart, A.M. Fiore, M. Flanner, T.J. Garrett, D. Koch, J. McConnell, D. Shindell, A. Stohl, 2008. The Impact of Short-Lived Pollutants on Arctic Climate, AMAP Technical Report No. 2008-1, Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway.

Tietze, K. V. Garrett, T. J.  and A. Stohl: Space-Based Evaluation of the Aerosol Indirect Effect in the Arctic. 10th Conference on Polar Meteorology and Oceanography, Madison, Wisconsin, 2009. PDF

Kimball, M. B. and T. J. Garrett, Constraining cirrus ice crystal size through observation of halos. 12th Conference on Cloud Physics and Radiation, Madison, Wisconsin, 2006 PDF

Avey, L. T. J. Garrett, and A. Stohl, Evaluation of the aerosol indirect effect using satellite, chemical transport model, and aircraft data from ICARTT, 12th Conference on Cloud Physics and Radiation, Madison, Wisconsin, 2006 PDF

Zhao, C. and T. J. Garrett, Ground-based retrieval of seasonal cloud an precipitation properties in the Arctic, 12th Conference on Cloud Physics and Radiation, Madison, Wisconsin, 2006 PDF

Garrett, T. J., H. Gerber, D. G. Baumgardner, M. Poellot, C. H. Twohy, and E. M. Weinstock, Microphysical relationships in CRYSTAL-FACE anvil cirrus. International Conference on Clouds and Precipitation, Bologna, Italy, 2004 PDF

Garrett, T. J., X. Dong, G. G. Mace, C. Zhao: Effects of arctic haze on clouds and the surface radiation balance. Seventh Conf. on Polar Meteorology and Oceanography and Joint Symposium on High Latitude Climate Variations, , Hyannis Mass.,16-23 May 2003. PDF

Garrett, T. J.: Radiative Properties of Arctic Clouds. Ph. D. Dissertation, University of Washington, 2000.

Garrett, T. J. and P. V. Hobbs, 1999: Calibration of liquid water probes form the University of Washington's CV-580 aircraft at the Canadian NRC wind tunnel. PDF

Garrett, T. J. in collaboration with the Curriculum Development Unit of Tonga: Form 3: Weather and the Sea. Ministry of Education, Kingdom of Tonga, 1997.

Garrett, T. J.: Ship Tracks: An Example of Aerosol-Cloud Interactions. Masters Thesis, University of Washington, 1995